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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Preterite Tense
Preterite Tense: -zar Verbs: z->c

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Not to misspell any words, when you're writing them down in those stories you're gonna write.
TASK:
BigChief tablet. 5000 times: ZA-CE-CI-ZO-ZU ... You know the spiel!
PERPLEXED?
It's not carpal tunnel ... it's writer's cramp.
Can I make this any easier?
A good thing about the pronunciation in Spain is that it DOES help in spelling words correctly more frequently.
Mexican Spanish has no distinction between the basic S sounds and the Z/C sounds, which more or less doubles the spelling possibilities.
When you hear the "lisped" c in words like hace, revolución, cinco, etc. there is no doubt as to how these words are spelled: if you KNOW the spelling chart.
Words ending in the letter Z are also more easily recognized en España, due to the lisp again: arroz, lombriz, haz, etc.
These are the very reasons that I encourage you to learn BOTH sets of pronunciation, in order to facilitate a greater sense of control just in the area of spelling.

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
 
Most AR verbs are not affected by irregularities in any way in the formation of the preterite tense.
An important factor to watch in the formation of some verbs is spelling changes.
The AR verbs ending with -ZAR need to observe the spelling of the lisped Z sound:
ZA - CE - CI - ZO - ZU.
The only form that changes in spelling is the YO form, due to the fact that ZE is rarely used.
yo -é nosotros, nosotras -amos
-aste vosotros, vosotras -asteis
él, ella, Usted -ó ellos, ellas, Ustedes -aron
abrazar to hug, embrace umarmen
analizar to analyze analysieren
bostezar to yawn gähnen
cazar to hunt jagen
enfatizar to emphasize betonen
gozar to enjoy genießen
organizar to organize organisieren
To make the preterite forms, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add the endings given above, remembering the spelling rule.
Notice that the NOSOTROS form is exactly the same in the present & preterite tenses.
More information concerning the preterite tense
To see the preterite tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
Observe the spelling of the lisped Z sound: ZA - CE - CI - ZO - ZU, changing Z to C in this case.
This is the event. This is what I did.
deutsch
abrazar abracé I hugged I did hug
ich habe umarmt
analizar analicé I analyzed I did analyze
ich habe analysiert
bostezar bostecé I yawned I did yawn
ich habe gegähnt
cazar cacé I hunted I did hunt
ich habe gejagt
enfatizar enfaticé I emphasized I did emphasize
ich habe betont
gozar gocé I enjoyed I did enjoy
ich habe genossen
organizar organicé I organized I did organize
ich habe organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says I did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present subjunctive yo, él, ella & Usted forms stress the penultimate syllable and don't have this written accent.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aste to the stem.
Tex-Mex forms of these verbs invert the ending somewhat, so that people generally add the ending -ates.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazaste you hugged you did hug
du hast umarmt
analizar analizaste you analyzed you did analyze
du hast analysiert
bostezar bostezaste you yawned you did yawn
du hast gegähnt
cazar cazaste you hunted you did hunt
du hast gejagt
enfatizar enfatizaste you emphasized you did emphasize
du hast betont
gozar gozaste you enjoyed you did enjoy
du hast genossen
organizar organizaste you organized you did organize
du hast organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aste ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
The pronoun does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that TÚ is doing the action.
If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what he did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazó he hugged he did hug
er hat umarmt
analizar analizó he analyzed he did analyze
er hat analysiert
bostezar bostezó he yawned he did yawn
er hat gegähnt
cazar cazó he hunted he did hunt
er hat gejagt
enfatizar enfatizó he emphasized he did emphasize
er hat betont
gozar gozó he enjoyed he did enjoy
er hat genossen
organizar organizó he organized he did organize
er hat organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says he did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ÉL is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ÉL will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what she did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazó she hugged she did hug
sie hat umarmt
analizar analizó she analyzed she did analyze
sie hat analysiert
bostezar bostezó she yawned she did yawn
sie hat gegähnt
cazar cazó she hunted she did hunt
sie hat gejagt
enfatizar enfatizó she emphasized she did emphasize
sie hat betont
gozar gozó she enjoyed she did enjoy
sie hat genossen
organizar organizó she organized she did organize
sie hat organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says she did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ELLA is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLA will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazó you hugged you did hug
Sie haben umarmt
analizar analizó you analyzed you did analyze
Sie haben analysiert
bostezar bostezó you yawned you did yawn
Sie haben gegähnt
cazar cazó you hunted you did hunt
Sie haben gejagt
enfatizar enfatizó you emphasized you did emphasize
Sie haben betont
gozar gozó you enjoyed you did enjoy
Sie haben genossen
organizar organizó you organized you did organize
Sie haben organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that USTED is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTED will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -amos to the stem.
Notice that the NOSOTROS form is exactly the same in the present & preterite tenses.
This is the event. This is what we did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazamos we hugged we did hug
wir haben umarmt
analizar analizamos we analyzed we did analyze
wir haben analysiert
bostezar bostezamos we yawned we did yawn
wir haben gegähnt
cazar cazamos we hunted we did hunt
wir haben gejagt
enfatizar enfatizamos we emphasized we did emphasize
wir haben betont
gozar gozamos we enjoyed we did enjoy
wir haben genossen
organizar organizamos we organized we did organize
wir haben organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -amos ending says we did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Once you have clarified who WE is, the pronoun NOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that NOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -asteis to the stem.
This is the event. This is what y'all did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazasteis y'all hugged y'all did hug
ihr habt umarmt
analizar analizasteis y'all analyzed y'all did analyze
ihr habt analysiert
bostezar bostezasteis y'all yawned y'all did yawn
ihr habt gegähnt
cazar cazasteis y'all hunted y'all did hunt
ihr habt gejagt
enfatizar enfatizasteis y'all emphasized y'all did emphasize
ihr habt betont
gozar gozasteis y'all enjoyed y'all did enjoy
ihr habt genossen
organizar organizasteis y'all organized y'all did organize
ihr habt organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -asteis ending says y'all did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Once you have clarified who Y'ALL is, the pronoun VOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that VOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying Y'ALL did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazaron they hugged they did hug
sie haben umarmt
analizar analizaron they analyzed they did analyze
sie haben analysiert
bostezar bostezaron they yawned they did yawn
sie haben gegähnt
cazar cazaron they hunted they did hunt
sie haben gejagt
enfatizar enfatizaron they emphasized they did emphasize
sie haben betont
gozar gozaron they enjoyed they did enjoy
sie haben genossen
organizar organizaron they organized they did organize
sie haben organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that ELLOS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLOS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazaron they hugged they did hug
sie haben umarmt
analizar analizaron they analyzed they did analyze
sie haben analysiert
bostezar bostezaron they yawned they did yawn
sie haben gegähnt
cazar cazaron they hunted they did hunt
sie haben gejagt
enfatizar enfatizaron they emphasized they did emphasize
sie haben betont
gozar gozaron they enjoyed they did enjoy
sie haben genossen
organizar organizaron they organized they did organize
sie haben organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that ELLAS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLAS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
 
Preterite Tense: -ZAR verb conjugation
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
abrazar abrazaron you hugged you did hug
Sie haben umarmt
analizar analizaron you analyzed you did analyze
Sie haben analysiert
bostezar bostezaron you yawned you did yawn
Sie haben gegähnt
cazar cazaron you hunted you did hunt
Sie haben gejagt
enfatizar enfatizaron you emphasized you did emphasize
Sie haben betont
gozar gozaron you enjoyed you did enjoy
Sie haben genossen
organizar organizaron you organized you did organize
Sie haben organisiert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that USTEDES is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTEDES will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top