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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Preterite Tense
Preterite Tense: ER & IR Verbs with Stem ending in Vowel

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Look at these verbs carefully, and decipher what's really going on, so it doesn't seem like another random pitfall.
TASK:
Work mostly with the forms that are different, because you should already have the more normal forms down by now.
PERPLEXED?
It really probably is just gas.
What's happening in these verbs?
If you speak Spanish and never, ever learn how to write it, you'd have an easy time with this tense.
The written endings may seem a bit strange, but if you follow the patterns for regular ER & IR verbs just OUT LOUD, you'll notice that a little extra effort has to be placed where the stem drops off with a vowel.
This extra effort is reflected by the written accented i - as well as the change-over to a y at times.
Look at the verbs that you're dealing with first, and just try to conjugate them as regular verbs - but doing so in the preterite tense. LISTEN carefully to each form, and then later check out spellings.
It should make more sense then.

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Preterite Tense: -ER & -IR verb conjugation: Verbs with stems ending in vowels
Many ER & IR verbs are not affected by irregularities in any way in the formation of the preterite tense.
ER & IR verbs whose stems end in a vowel need a strong Y to replace the I in 3rd person forms.
These forms also accent the I in all other forms if the preceding vowel is strong, to avoid formation of a diphthong.
yo -í nosotros, nosotras -ímos *
-íste * vosotros, vosotras -ísteis *
él, ella, Usted - ellos, ellas, Ustedes -yeron
ER caer to fall fallen
creer to believe glauben
leer to read lesen
proveer to provide bereitstellen
IR construir to build, construct bauen
destruir to destroy zerstören
excluir to exclude ausschließen
oír to hear hören
To make the preterite forms, drop the -er or -ir from the end of the infinitive and add the endings given above.
*The forms with an asterisk are accented only when the i would be merged into a diphthong and lose its stress.
To see the preterite tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what I did.
deutsch
ER
caer caí I fell I did fall
ich bin gefallen
creer creí I believed I did believe
ich habe geglaubt
leer leí I read I did read
ich habe gelesen
proveer proveí I provided I did provide
ich habe bereitgestellt
IR
construir construí I built I did build
ich habe gebaut
destruir destruí I destroyed I did destroy
ich habe zerstört
excluir excluí I excluded I did exclude
ich habe ausgeschlossen
oír I heard I did hear
ich habe gehört
The pronoun YO does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that YO is doing the action.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -iste to the stem.
If the vowel preceding the ending is strong (a, e, or o) accent the í.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
ER
caer caíste you fell you did fall
du bist gefallen
creer creíste you believed you did believe
du hast geglaubt
leer leíste you read you did read
du hast gelesen
proveer proveíste you provided you did provide
du hast bereitgestellt
IR
construir construiste you built you did build
du hast gebaut
destruir destruiste you destroyed you did destroy
du hast zerstört
excluir excluiste you excluded you did exclude
du hast ausgeschlossen
oír oíste you heard you did hear
du hast gehört
The pronoun does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that is doing the action.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Él form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -yó to the stem.
This is the event. This is what he did.
deutsch
ER
caer cayó he fell he did fall
er ist gefallen
creer creyó he believed he did believe
er hat geglaubt
leer leyó he read he did read
er hat gelesen
proveer proveyó he provided he did provide
er hat bereitgestellt
IR
construir construyó he built he did build
er hat gebaut
destruir destruyó he destroyed he did destroy
er hat zerstört
excluir excluyó he excluded he did exclude
er hat ausgeschlossen
oír oyó he heard he did hear
er hat gehört
The pronoun ÉL needs to be stated in the preterite, because the same form is used for ELLA & USTED.
Once it is clear that ÉL is the subject, it can be left out in further statements.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -yó to the stem.
This is the event. This is what she did.
deutsch
ER
caer cayó she fell she did fall
sie ist gefallen
creer creyó she believed she did believe
sie hat geglaubt
leer leyó she read she did read
sie hat gelesen
proveer proveyó she provided she did provide
sie hat bereitgestellt
IR
construir construyó she built she did build
sie hat gebaut
destruir destruyó she destroyed she did destroy
sie hat zerstört
excluir excluyó she excluded she did exclude
sie hat ausgeschlossen
oír oyó she heard she did hear
sie hat gehört
The pronoun ELLA needs to be stated in the preterite, because the same form is used for ÉL & USTED.
Once it is clear that ELLA is the subject, it can be left out in further statements.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -yó to the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
ER
caer cayó you fell you did fall
Sie sind gefallen
creer creyó you believed you did believe
Sie haben geglaubt
leer leyó you read you did read
Sie haben gelesen
proveer proveyó you provided you did provide
Sie haben bereitgestellt
IR
construir construyó you built you did build
Sie haben gebaut
destruir destruyó you destroyed you did destroy
Sie haben zerstört
excluir excluyó you excluded you did exclude
Sie haben ausgeschlossen
oír oyó you heard you did hear
Sie haben gehört
The pronoun USTED needs to be stated in the preterite, because the same form is used for ÉL & ELLA.
Once it is clear that USTED is the subject, it can be left out in further statements.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -imos to the stem.
If the vowel preceding the ending is strong (a, e, or o) accent the í.
This is the event. This is what we did.
deutsch
ER
caer caímos we fell we did fall
wir sind gefallen
creer creímos we believed we did believe
wir haben geglaubt
leer leímos we read we did read
wir haben gelesen
proveer proveímos we provided we did provide
wir haben bereitgestellt
IR
construir construimos we built we did build
wir haben gebaut
destruir destruimos we destroyed we did destroy
wir haben zerstört
excluir excluimos we excluded we did exclude
wir haben ausgeschlossen
oír oímos we heard we did hear
wir haben gehört
The pronoun NOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that NOSOTROS is doing the action.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -isteis to the stem.
If the vowel preceding the ending is strong (a, e, or o) accent the initial í.
This is the event. This is what y'all did.
deutsch
ER
caer caísteis y'all fell y'all did fall
ihr seid gefallen
creer creísteis y'all believed y'all did believe
ihr habt geglaubt
leer leísteis y'all read y'all did read
ihr habt gelesen
proveer proveísteis y'all provided y'all did provide
ihr habt bereitgestellt
IR
construir construisteis y'all built y'all did build
ihr habt gebaut
destruir destruisteis y'all destroyed y'all did destroy
ihr habt zerstört
excluir excluisteis y'all excluded y'all did exclude
ihr habt ausgeschlossen
oír oísteis y'all heard y'all did hear
ihr habt gehört
The pronoun VOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that VOSOTROS is doing the action.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -yeron to the stem.
This form is important, as it is the basis for the formation of the past subjunctive.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
ER
caer cayeron they fell they did fall
sie sind gefallen
creer creyeron they believed they did believe
sie haben geglaubt
leer leyeron they read they did read
sie haben gelesen
proveer proveyeron they provided they did provide
sie haben bereitgestellt
IR
construir construyeron they built they did build
sie haben gebaut
destruir destruyeron they destroyed they did destroy
sie haben zerstört
excluir excluyeron they excluded they did exclude
sie haben ausgeschlossen
oír oyeron they heard they did hear
sie haben gehört
The pronoun ELLOS needs to be stated in the preterite, because the same form is used for ELLAS & USTEDES.
Once it is clear that ELLOS is the subject, it can be left out in further statements.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -yeron to the stem.
This form is important, as it is the basis for the formation of the past subjunctive.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
ER
caer cayeron they fell they did fall
sie sind gefallen
creer creyeron they believed they did believe
sie haben geglaubt
leer leyeron they read they did read
sie haben gelesen
proveer proveyeron they provided they did provide
sie haben bereitgestellt
IR
construir construyeron they built they did build
sie haben gebaut
destruir destruyeron they destroyed they did destroy
sie haben zerstört
excluir excluyeron they excluded they did exclude
sie haben ausgeschlossen
oír oyeron they heard they did hear
sie haben gehört
The pronoun ELLAS needs to be stated in the preterite, because the same form is used for ELLOS & USTEDES.
Once it is clear that ELLAS is the subject, it can be left out in further statements.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite tense: -ER & -IR verbs with stems ending in a vowel
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -yeron to the stem.
This form is important, as it is the basis for the formation of the past subjunctive.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
ER
caer cayeron you fell you did fall
Sie sind gefallen
creer creyeron you believed you did believe
Sie haben geglaubt
leer leyeron you read you did read
Sie haben gelesen
proveer proveyeron you provided you did provide
Sie haben bereitgestellt
IR
construir construyeron you built you did build
Sie haben gebaut
destruir destruyeron you destroyed you did destroy
Sie haben zerstört
excluir excluyeron you excluded you did exclude
Sie haben ausgeschlossen
oír oyeron you heard you did hear
Sie haben gehört
The pronoun USTEDES needs to be stated in the preterite, because the same form is used for ELLOS & ELLAS.
Once it is clear that USTEDES is the subject, it can be left out in further statements.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top