Start using 'em!
With Interrogatives
¿Cuándo?
¿Cuándo decides?
When do you decide?
When are you deciding?
 
¿Cuándo interrumpe ella?
When does she interrupt?
 
¿Cuándo abro?
When do I open up?
When am I opening?
 
¿Por qué?
 
¿Por qué existo?
Why do I exist?
Why am I existing?
 
¿Por qué exhibimos?
Why are we exhibiting?
Why do we exhibit?
 
¿Por qué decide él ?
Why is he deciding?
Why does he get to decide?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acknowledgements German Pages Spanish Pages Miscellany About the Author
Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Regular IR Verbs
IR is the verb "to go" in Spanish .
OBJECTIVE:
Learn the third and final set of endings for regular verbs.
TASK:
Don't look back! Always focus ahead! Keep your eyes on the ball! ...
PERPLEXED?

Hey, I have delusions sometimes, too!

Why is it called a regular verb?
Regular verbs are called such because they follow a clear pattern without any exceptions or changes.
The ending gets dropped off (in this case the -ir), ... and endings get added on (see below), ... and off you go! Done! Finito! No problemo!
Uh, that's not real Spanish there, folks.
And when you view the "meanings" of each Spanish verb form, try to mix it all up in a bucket and realize that it's English that gives you multiple methods of stating the verb form. It's all the same in Spanish!
Like Sherlock would say: "Elementary, my dear ..."

These are some IR verbs:
 
English
Deutsch
abrir to open öffnen, aufmachen
admitir to admit eingeben
cumplir to finish, accomplish fertigmachen
decidir to decide sich entschließen
exhibir to exhibit ausstellen, vorzeigen
existir to exist existieren
interrumpir to interrupt unterbrechen
ocurrir to happen, occur geschehen, passieren
omitir to omit, leave out weglassen, versäumen
What makes them -IR verbs ?
What do they have in common ?
To see the present tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -o to the stem.
 
Infinitive
Yo form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abro I open I do open I am opening
ich öffne
admitir admito I admit I do admit I'm admitting
ich gebe zu
cumplir cumplo I complete I do complete I'm completing
ich fertige ab
decidir decido I decide I do decide I'm deciding
ich entscheide
exhibir exhibo I exhibit I do exhibit I am exhibiting
ich zeige
existir existo I exist I do exist I am existing
ich existiere
interrumpir interrumpo I interrupt I do interrupt I am interrupting
ich unterbreche
ocurrir ocurro I occur I do occur I am occurring
ich geschehe
omitir omito I omit I do omit I'm omitting
ich lasse weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the o ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
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Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -es to it.
 
Infinitive
Tú form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abres you open you do open you're opening
du öffnest
admitir admites you admit you do admit you're admitting
du gibst ein
cumplir cumples you complete you do complete you're completing
du machst fertig
decidir decides you decide you do decide you're deciding
du entscheidest
exhibir exhibes you exhibit you do exhibit you're exhibiting
du zeigst
existir existes you exist you do exist you're existing
du existierst
interrumpir interrumpes you interrupt you do interrupt you're interrupting
du unterbrichst
ocurrir ocurres you occur you do occur you're occurring
du geschiehst
omitir omites you omit you do omit you're omitting
du läßt weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The es ending says: you are doing it, and you´re doing it NOW.
Since each verb form follows a specific pronoun, Spanish doesn't always need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say . If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -e to it.
 
Infinitive
l form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abre he opens he does open he is opening
er öffnet
admitir admite he admits he does admit he is admitting
er gibt zu
cumplir cumple he completes he does complete he is completing
er macht fertig
decidir decide he decides he does decide he is deciding
er entscheidet
exhibir exhibe he exhibits he does exhibit he is exhibiting
er zeigt
existir existe he exists he does exist he is existing
er existiert
interrumpir interrumpe he interrupts he does interrupt he is interrupting
er unterbricht
ocurrir ocurre he occurs he does occur he is occurring
er geschieht
omitir omite he omits he does omit he is omitting
er läßt weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The e ending can tell you that he is doing it, and he's doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ÉL, ELLA or USTED just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ÉL every time you use this verb form. If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying he doooes ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -e to it.
 
Infinitive
Ella form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abre she opens she does open she is opening
sie öffnet
admitir admite she admits she does admit she is admitting
sie gibt zu
cumplir cumple she completes she does complete she is completing
sie macht fertig
decidir decide she decides she does decide she is deciding
sie entscheidet
exhibir exhibe she exhibits she does exhibit she is exhibiting
sie zeigt
existir existe she exists she does exist she is existing
sie existiert
interrumpir interrumpe she interrupts she does interrupt she is interrupting
sie unterbricht
ocurrir ocurre she occurs she does occur she is occurring
sie geschieht
omitir omite she omits she does omit she is omitting
sie läßt weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The e ending can tell you that she is doing it, and he's doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ÉL, ELLA or USTED just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ELLA every time you use this verb form. If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying she doooes ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -e to it.
 
Infinitive
Usted form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abre you open you do open you're opening
Sie öffnen
admitir admite you admit you do admit you're admitting
Sie geben zu
cumplir cumple you complete you do complete you're completing
Sie machen fertig
decidir decide you decide you do decide you're deciding
Sie entscheiden
exhibir exhibe you exhibit you do exhibit you're exhibiting
Sie zeigen
existir existe you exist you do exist you're existing
Sie existieren
interrumpir interrumpe you interrupt you do interrupt you're interrupting
Sie unterbrechen
ocurrir ocurre you occur you do occur you're occurring
Sie geschehen
omitir omite you omit you do omit you're omitting
Sie lassen weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The e ending can tell you that Usted is doing it, and it's going on NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ÉL, ELLA or USTED just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say USTED every time you use this verb form. If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -imos to the stem.
 
Infinitive
Nosotros form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abrimos we open we do open we're opening
wir öffnen
admitir admitimos we admit we do admit we're admitting
wir geben zu
cumplir cumplimos we complete we do complete we're completing
wir fertigen ab
decidir decidimos we decide we do decide we're deciding
wir entscheiden
exhibir exhibimos we exhibit we do exhibit we're exhibiting
wir zeigen
existir existimos we exist we do exist we're existing
wir existieren
interrumpir interrumpimos we interrupt we do interrupt we're interrupting
wir unterbrechen
ocurrir ocurrimos we occur we do occur we're occurring
wir geschehen
omitir omitimos we omit we do omit we're omitting
wir lassen weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the -imos ending says we are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The NOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say NOSOTROS. If you do add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
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Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -ís to the stem.
 
Infinitive
Vosotros form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abrís y'all open y'all do open y'all are opening
ihr öffnet
admitir admitís y'all admit y'all do admit y'all are admitting
ihr gebt zu
cumplir cumplís y'all complete y'all do complete y'all are completing
ihr fertigt ab
decidir decidís y'all decide y'all do decide y'all are deciding
ihr entscheidet
exhibir exhibís y'all exhibit y'all do exhibit y'all are exhibiting
ihr zeigt
existir existís y'all exist y'all do exist y'all are existing
ihr existiert
interrumpir interrumpís y'all interrupt y'all do interrupt y'all are interrupting
ihr unterbrecht
ocurrir ocurrís y'all occur y'all do occur y'all are occurring
ihr gescheht
omitir omitís y'all omit y'all do omit y'all are omitting
ihr laßt weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the -ís ending says y'all are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The VOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say VOSOTROS. If you do add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying y'all dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -en to it.
 
Infinitive
Ellos form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abren they open they do open they're opening
sie öffnen
admitir admiten they admit they do admit they're admitting
sie geben zu
cumplir cumplen they complete they do complete they're completing
sie machen fertig
decidir deciden they decide they do decide they're deciding
sie entscheiden
exhibir exhiben they exhibit they do exhibit they're exhibiting
sie zeigen
existir existen they exist they do exist they're existing
sie existieren
interrumpir interrumpen they interrupt they do interrupt they're interrupting
sie unterbrechen
ocurrir ocurren they occur they do occur they're occurring
sie geschehen
omitir omiten they omit they do omit they're omitting
sie lassen weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The -en ending can tell you that a they is doing it, and they're doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ELLOS every time you use this verb form. If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying they dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -en to it.
 
Infinitive
Ellas form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abren they open they do open they're opening
sie öffnen
admitir admiten they admit they do admit they're admitting
sie geben zu
cumplir cumplen they complete they do complete they're completing
sie machen fertig
decidir deciden they decide they do decide they're deciding
sie entscheiden
exhibir exhiben they exhibit they do exhibit they're exhibiting
sie zeigen
existir existen they exist they do exist they're existing
sie existieren
interrumpir interrumpen they interrupt they do interrupt they're interrupting
sie unterbrechen
ocurrir ocurren they occur they do occur they're occurring
sie geschehen
omitir omiten they omit they do omit they're omitting
sie lassen weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The -en ending can tell you that a they is doing it, and they're doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ELLAS every time you use this verb form. If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying they dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

Present tense: -IR verb conjugation
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive and add -en to it.
 
Infinitive
Ustedes form
English equivalents
Deutsch
abrir abren you open you do open you're opening
Sie öffnen
admitir admiten you admit you do admit you're admitting
Sie geben zu
cumplir cumplen you complete you do complete you're completing
Sie machen fertig
decidir deciden you decide you do decide you're deciding
Sie entscheiden
exhibir exhiben you exhibit you do exhibit you're exhibiting
Sie zeigen
existir existen you exist you do exist you're existing
Sie existieren
interrumpir interrumpen you interrupt you do interrupt you're interrupting
Sie unterbrechen
ocurrir ocurren you occur you do occur you're occurring
Sie geschehen
omitir omiten you omit you do omit you're omitting
Sie lassen weg
 
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
The -en ending can tell you that a you is doing it, and you're doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say USTEDES every time you use this verb form. If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
 
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
 
Back to Top

 
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TLLP (c) RCAguilar 2004
Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
 
 
 
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