Intro2Spanish.com
 
Web www.intro2spanish.com

Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Present Tense: Regular -ER Verbs

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Learn the second set of endings in your quest to master Spanish verbs.
TASK:
Do the same thing you did to master the regular AR verbs.
PERPLEXED?

You DID master the regular AR verb endings, ... didn't you?

Why is it called a regular verb?
Regular verbs are called such because they follow a clear pattern without any exceptions or changes.
The ending gets dropped off (in this case the -er), ... and endings get added on (see below), ... and off you go! Done! Finito! No problemo!
Uh, that's not real Spanish there, folks.
And when you view the "meanings" of each Spanish verb form, try to mix it all up in a bucket and realize that it's English that gives you multiple methods of stating the verb form. It's all the same in Spanish!
Like Tarzan would say: "You speak?"

 
SITE INFO
SITE NAVIGATION
HOME
Spanish Studies
Pronunciation
Lessons
Numbers
Time
Date
Verbs
Verb Tenses
Verb Conjugation
Grammar
Gender
Grammar Terms
Pronouns
Reflexive
Vocabulary
Adjectives
Noun Cognates
Prepositions
Verb Lists
Vocabulary Lists
VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Start using 'em!
With Interrogatives
¿Cuándo?
¿Cuándo comes?
When do you eat?
When are you eating?
 
¿Cuándo aprende ella?
When does she learn?
 
¿Cuándo debo?
When should I?
When am I supposed to?
 
¿Por qué?
 
¿Por qué prometo?
Why do I promise?
Why am I promising?
 
¿Por qué escondemos?
Why are we hiding?
Why do we hide?
 
¿Por qué bebe él ?
Why is he drinking?
Why does he drink?
 

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
These are some ER verbs:
 
English
Deutsch
aprender to learn lernen
beber to sip schlürfen
comer to eat essen
deber to owe, to "should" schulden, sollen
esconder to hide verstecken
proceder to proceed weitermachen
prometer to promise versprechen
tejer to weave weben, stricken, hekeln
vender to sell verkaufen
What makes them -ER verbs ?
What do they have in common ?
To see the present tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -o to the stem.
 
Infinitive
Yo form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprendo I learn I do learn I am learning
ich lerne
beber bebo I sip I do sip I'm sipping
ich trinke
comer como I eat I do eat I'm eating
ich esse
deber debo I should, owe I do owe I'm owing
ich schulde, soll
esconder escondo I hide I do hide I am hiding
ich verstecke
proceder procedo I proceed I do proceed I am proceeding
ich mache weiter
prometer prometo I promise I do promise I am promising
ich verspreche
tejer tejo I knit I do knit I am knitting
ich stricke, hekele
vender vendo I sell I do sell I'm selling
ich verkaufe
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action - and they all end in o now.
Using the o ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't always need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending of the conjugated form.
You don't need to say YO.
If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -es to it.
 
Infinitive
Tú form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprendes you learn you do learn you're learning
du lernst
beber bebes you sip you do sip you're sipping
du trinkst
comer comes you eat you do eat you're eating
du ißt
deber debes you should, owe you do owe you're owing
du sollst, schuldest
esconder escondes you hide you do hide you're hiding
du versteckst
proceder procedes you proceed you do proceed you're proceeding
du machst weiter
prometer prometes you promise you do promise you're promising
du versprichst
tejer tejes you knit you do knit you're knitting
du strickst, hekelst
vender vendes you sell you sell you're selling
du verkaufst
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The es ending says: you are doing it, and you're doing it NOW.
Since each verb form follows a specific pronoun, Spanish doesn't always need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say .
If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying YOU dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Él form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -e to it.
 
Infinitive
l form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprende he learns he does learn he is learning
er lernt
beber bebe he sips he does sip he is sipping
er trinkt
comer come he eats he does eat he is eating
er ißt
deber debe he owes, should he does owe he is owing
er schuldet, soll
esconder esconde he hides he does hide he is hiding
er versteckt
proceder procede he proceeds he does proceed he is proceeding
er macht weiter
prometer promete he promises he does promise he is promising
er verspricht
tejer teje he knits he does knit he is knitting
er strickt, hekelt
vender vende he sells he does sell he is selling
er verkauft
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The e ending can tell you that he is doing it, and he's doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ÉL, ELLA or USTED just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ÉL every time you use this verb form.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying HE doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -e to it.
 
Infinitive
Ella form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprende she learns she does learn she is learning
sie lernt
beber bebe she sips she does sip she is sipping
sie trinkt
comer come she eats she does eat she is eating
sie ißt
deber debe she owes, should she does owe she is owing
sie schuldet, soll
esconder esconde she hides she does hide she is hiding
sie versteckt
proceder procede she proceeds she does proceed she is proceeding
sie macht weiter
prometer promete she promises she does promise she is promising
sie verspricht
tejer teje she knits she does knit she is knitting
sie strickt, hekelt
vender vende she sells she does sell she is selling
sie verkauft
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The e ending can tell you that she is doing it, and she's doing it NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ÉL, ELLA or USTED just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ELLA every time you use this verb form.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying SHE doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -e to it.
 
Infinitive
Usted form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprende You learn You do learn You are learning
Sie lernen
beber bebe You sip You do sip You are sipping
Sie trinken
comer come You eat You do eat You are eating
Sie essen
deber debe You owe, should You do owe You are owing
Sie schulden, sollen
esconder esconde You hide You do hide You are hiding
Sie verstecken
proceder procede You proceed You do proceed You are proceeding
Sie machen weiter
prometer promete You promise You do promise You are promising
Sie versprechen
tejer teje You knit You do knit You are knitting
Sie stricken, hekeln
vender vende You sell You do sell You are selling
Sie verkaufen
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The e ending can tell you that a formal You is doing it, and NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, the subject MUST be defined.
That means: you have to provide the ÉL, ELLA or USTED just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say USTED every time you use this verb form.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying YOU dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -emos to it.
 
Infinitive
Nosotros form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprendemos we learn we do learn we are learning
wir lernen
beber bebemos we sip we do sip we are sipping
wir trinken
comer comemos we eat we do eat we are eating
wir essen
deber debemos we owe, should we do owe we are owing
wir schulden, sollen
esconder escondemos we hide we do hide we are hiding
wir verstecken
proceder procedemos we proceed we do proceed we are proceeding
wir machen weiter
prometer prometemos we promise we do promise we are promising
wir versprechen
tejer tejemos we knit we knit we are knitting
wir stricken, hekeln
vender vendemos we sell we do sell we are selling
wir verkaufen
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The emos ending can tell you that a We is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since this ending has 2 specific pronouns, you do need to clarify if it´s NOSOTROS or NOSOTRAS at first.
After that the continued use of emos still applies to the same group of WE.
The NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS are understood, once you´ve defined who you´re talking about.
You don't need to keep saying NOSOTROS / NOSOTRAS.
It would mean WE dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -éis to it.
 
Infinitive
Vosotros form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprendéis y'all learn y'all do learn y'all are learing
ihr lernt
beber bebéis y'all sip y'all do sip y'all are sipping
ihr trinkt
comer coméis y'all eat y'all do eat y'all are eating
ihr eßt
deber debéis y'all owe, should y'all do owe y'all are owing
ihr schuldet, sollt
esconder escondéis y'all hide y'all do hide y'all are hiding
ihr versteckt
proceder procedéis y'all proceed y'all do proceed y'all are proceeding
ihr macht weiter
prometer prometéis y'all promise y'all do promise y'all are promising
ihr versprecht
tejer tejéis y'all knit y'all do knit y'all are knitting
ihr strickt, hekelt
vender vendéis y'all sell y'all do sell y'all are selling
ihr verkauft
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The éis ending can tell you that y'all is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since this ending has 2 specific pronouns, you do need to clarify if it´s VOSOTROS or VOSOTRAS at first.
After that the continued use of éis still applies to the same group of Y'ALL.
The VOSOTROS / VOSOTRAS are understood, once you´ve defined who you´re talking about.
You don't need to keep saying VOSOTROS / VOSOTRAS.
It would mean Y'ALL dooo ...
Uh, --- I know that some people out there (especially linguists, grammarians, grammaticians, etc.) don´t like the word "y'all."
Yes, yes, --- it's good that you "know better." But you might "get over yourself" for practicality's sake sometimes.
As a matter of fact, you might want to avoid this page. You would probably never use the "vosotros" form anyway.
If it's a good teaching tool, there's no sense in going to war or getting your blood pressure up over it.
Go have some fun, call a few people "y'all," and get over it !!!
... and that pucker doesn't look pretty on you either !!!
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -en to it.
 
Infinitive
Ellos form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprenden they learn they do learn they're learning
sie lernen
beber beben they sip they do sip they're sipping
sie trinken
comer comen they eat they do eat they're eating
sie essen
deber deben they owe, should they do owe they're owing
sie schulden, sollen
esconder esconden they hide they do hide they're hiding
sie verstecken
proceder proceden they proceed they do proceed they're proceeding
sie machen weiter
prometer prometen they promise they do promise they're promising
sie versprechen
tejer tejen they knit they do knit they're knitting
sie stricken, hekeln
vender venden they sell they do sell they're selling
sie verkaufen
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The en ending can tell you that a they is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, you have to identify the subject.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ellos in every sentence.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying THEY dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -en to it.
 
Infinitive
Ellas form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprenden they learn they do learn they're learning
sie lernen
beber beben they sip they do sip they're sipping
sie trinken
comer comen they eat they do eat they're eating
sie essen
deber deben they owe, should they do owe they're owing
sie schulden, sollen
esconder esconden they hide they do hide they're hiding
sie verstecken
proceder proceden they proceed they do proceed they're proceeding
sie machen weiter
prometer prometen they promise they do promise they're promising
sie versprechen
tejer tejen they knit they do knit they're knitting
sie stricken, hekeln
vender venden they sell they do sell they're selling
sie verkaufen
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus ER) tells you the action.
The en ending can tell you that a they is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, you have to identify the subject.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ellas in every sentence.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying THEY dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

Present tense: -ER verb conjugation
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -en to it.
 
Infinitive
Ustedes form
English equivalents
Deutsch
aprender aprenden y'all learn y'all do learn y'all are learning
Sie lernen
beber beben y'all sip y'all do sip y'all are sipping
Sie trinken
comer comen y'all eat y'all do eat y'all are eating
Sie essen
deber deben y'all owe, should y'all do owe y'all are owing
Sie schulden, sollen
esconder esconden y'all hide y'all do hide y'all are hiding
Sie verstecken
proceder proceden y'all proceed y'all do proceed y'all are proceeding
Sie machen weiter
prometer prometen y'all promise y'all do promise y'all are promising
Sie versprechen
tejer tejen y'all knit y'all do knit y'all are knitting
Sie stricken, hekeln
vender venden y'all sell y'all do sell y'all are sell
Sie verkaufen
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
The an ending can tell you that y'all is doing it, and it's being done NOW.
Since these forms are used for 3 different pronouns, you have to identify the subject.
That means: you have to provide the ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES just the first time through.
Once it has been clarified WHO is doing the action, then you don't need the pronoun any more.
You don't need to say ustedes in every sentence.
If you do, it usually adds emphasis, saying Y'ALL dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES