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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Preterite Tense
Preterite Tense: -gar Verbs: g->gu

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Learn to spell some more.
TASK:
Get your Big Chief tablet out and write and say: GA GUE GUI GO GU 500 times, ... at least.
PERPLEXED?
Hey, ... I'm not the one being bad here!
Why are endings always added onto a stem?
Where else you wanna put 'em?
An easy way to remember a lot of the Spanish tenses and what to do with the stems is to think of:
If it already happened (in the past sometime), or it's kinda still going on (I work now for 16 years on this program), then you DO use the verb stem.
But if the action is sort of "out there" - in the future, or just something that "I would do, if ..." - then you go ahead and use the whole infinitive.
I assume you just came from the -car preterite verbs.
This one is just another orthographic stem changer.
Quick! Master that notion, before that escapes you!

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation:
 
Most AR verbs are not affected by irregularities in any way in the formation of the preterite tense.
An important factor to watch in the formation of some verbs is spelling changes.
The AR verbs ending with -GAR need to observe the spelling of the hard G sound:
GA - GUE - GUI - GO - GU.
The only form that changes in spelling is the YO form, due to the fact that GE would be pronounced differently.
yo -é nosotros, nosotras -amos
-aste vosotros, vosotras -asteis
él, ella, Usted -ó ellos, ellas, Ustedes -aron
ahogar to drown ertrinken
castigar to punish bestrafen
encargar to charge, entrust anvertrauen
investigar to investigate untersuchen
llegar to arrive ankommen
pegar to hit schlagen
tragar to swallow, gulp verschlucken
To make the preterite forms, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add the endings given above, remembering the spelling rule.
Notice that the NOSOTROS form is exactly the same in the present & preterite tenses.
More information concerning the preterite tense
To see the preterite tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
Observe the spelling of the hard G sound: GA - GUE - GUI - GO - GU, changing G to GU in this case.
This is the event. This is what I did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogué I drowned I did drown
ich habe ertrunken
castigar castigué I punished I did punish
ich habe bestraft
encargar encargué I entrusted I did entrust
ich habe anvertraut
investigar investigué I investigated I did investigate
ich habe untersucht
llegar llegué I arrived I did arrive
ich bin angekommen
pegar pegué I hit I did hit
ich habe geschlagen
tragar tragué I gulped I did gulp
ich habe verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says I did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present subjunctive yo, él, ella & Usted forms stress the penultimate syllable and don't have this written accent.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aste to the stem.
Tex-Mex forms of these verbs invert the ending somewhat, so that people generally add the ending -ates.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogaste you drowned you did drown
du hast ertrunken
castigar castigaste you punished you did punish
du hast bestraft
encargar encargaste you entrusted you did entrust
du hast anvertraut
investigar investigaste you investigated you did investigate
du hast untersucht
llegar llegaste you arrived you did arrive
du bist angekommen
pegar pegaste you hit you did hit
du hast geschlagen
tragar tragaste you gulped you did gulp
du hast verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aste ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
The pronoun does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that TÚ is doing the action.
If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what he did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogó he drowned he did drown
er hat ertrunken
castigar castigó he punished he did punish
er hat bestraft
encargar encargó he entrusted he did entrust
er hat anvertraut
investigar investigó he investigated he did investigate
er hat untersucht
llegar llegó he arrived he did arrive
er ist angekommen
pegar pegó he hit he did hit
er hat geschlagen
tragar tragó he gulped he did gulp
er hat verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says he did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ÉL is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ÉL will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what she did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogó she drowned she did drown
sie hat ertrunken
castigar castigó she punished she did punish
sie hat bestraft
encargar encargó she entrusted she did entrust
sie hat anvertraut
investigar investigó she investigated she did investigate
sie hat untersucht
llegar llegó she arrived she did arrive
sie ist angekommen
pegar pegó she hit she did hit
sie hat geschlagen
tragar tragó she gulped she did gulp
sie hat verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says she did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ELLA is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLA will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogó you drowned you did drown
Sie haben ertrunken
castigar castigó you punished you did punish
Sie haben bestraft
encargar encargó you entrusted you did entrust
Sie haben anvertraut
investigar investigó you investigated you did investigate
Sie haben untersucht
llegar llegó you arrived you did arrive
er ist angekommen
pegar pegó you hit you did hit
Sie haben geschlagen
tragar tragó you gulped you did gulp
Sie haben verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that USTED is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTED will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -amos to the stem.
Notice that the NOSOTROS form is exactly the same in the present & preterite tenses.
This is the event. This is what we did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogamos we drowned we did drown
wir haben ertrunken
castigar castigamos we punished we did punish
wir haben bestraft
encargar encargamos we entrusted we did entrust
wir haben anvertraut
investigar investigamos we investigated we did investigate
wir haben untersucht
llegar llegamos we arrived we did arrive
wir sind angekommen
pegar pegamos we hit we did hit
wir haben geschlagen
tragar tragamos we gulped we did gulp
wir haben verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -amos ending says we did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Once you have clarified who WE is, the pronoun NOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that NOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -asteis to the stem.
This is the event. This is what y'all did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogasteis y'all drowned y'all did drown
ihr habt ertrunken
castigar castigasteis y'all punished y'all did punish
ihr habt bestraft
encargar encargasteis y'all entrusted y'all did entrust
ihr habt anvertraut
investigar investigasteis y'all investigated y'all did investigate
ihr habt untersucht
llegar llegasteis y'all arrived y'all did arrive
ihr seid angekommen
pegar pegasteis y'all hit y'all did hit
ihr habt geschlagen
tragar tragasteis y'all gulped y'all did gulp
ihr habt verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -asteis ending says y'all did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Once you have clarified who Y'ALL is, the pronoun VOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that VOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying Y'ALL did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogaron they drowned they did drown
sie haben ertrunken
castigar castigaron they punished they did punish
sie haben bestraft
encargar encargaron they entrusted they did entrust
sie haben anvertraut
investigar investigaron they investigated they did investigate
sie haben untersucht
llegar llegaron they arrived they did arrive
sie sind angekommen
pegar pegaron they hit they did hit
sie haben geschlagen
tragar tragaron they gulped they did gulp
sie haben verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that ELLOS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLOS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogaron they drowned they did drown
sie haben ertrunken
castigar castigaron they punished they did punish
sie haben bestraft
encargar encargaron they entrusted they did entrust
sie haben anvertraut
investigar investigaron they investigated they did investigate
sie haben untersucht
llegar llegaron they arrived they did arrive
sie sind angekommen
pegar pegaron they hit they did hit
sie haben geschlagen
tragar tragaron they gulped they did gulp
sie haben verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that ELLAS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLAS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -GAR verb conjugation
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
ahogar ahogaron you drowned you did drown
Sie haben ertrunken
castigar castigaron you punished you did punish
Sie haben bestraft
encargar encargaron you entrusted you did entrust
Sie haben anvertraut
investigar investigaron you investigated you did investigate
Sie haben untersucht
llegar llegaron you arrived you did arrive
sie sind angekommen
pegar pegaron you hit you did hit
Sie haben geschlagen
tragar tragaron you gulped you did gulp
Sie haben verschluckt
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that USTEDES is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTEDES will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top