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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Imperfect Tense
Imperfect Tense: AR Verbs

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Relax, and work with an EZ tense!
TASK:
Look at the endings, memorize 'em, repeat 'em a few times at the tail-end of some verbs (preferably AR ones), and fix me some coffee.
PERPLEXED?

Pos ... ¡ ahí va !

Why does Spanish have so many tenses?
To communicate.
To express ideas with great accuracy.
To be difficult.
To make it hard for foreigners to understand what's going on.
To blow your mind!
To make it easier to write poetry and get words that rhyme.
To try to keep up with the difficulty of other languages like Chinese & Arabic.
Can you tell I'm making these up ?

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Imperfect Tense: -AR verb conjugation
 
AR verbs are not affected by irregularities in any way in the formation of the imperfect tense.
All AR verbs take the same set of endings: NO IRREGULAR !!!
Stem changes that occur in the present tense DO NOT AFFECT the imperfect tense.
yo -aba nosotros, nosotras -ábamos
-abas vosotros, vosotras -abais
él, ella, Usted -aba ellos, ellas, Ustedes -aban
 
ignore
English
Deutsch
cantar to sing, chant singen
continuar
(u -> ú)
to continue weitermachen
encontrar
(o -> ue)
to meet, encounter treffen
esquiar
(i - í)
to ski skifahren, skilaufen
hablar to speak sprechen
jugar
(u -> ue)
to play (sports, games) spielen, treiben
pensar
(e -> ie)
to think denken
preguntar to ask (a question) fragen
trabajar to work, labor arbeiten
To make the imperfect forms, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add the endings given above.
To see the imperfect tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aba to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what I would often do: At some point in the past, I used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaba I would sing, chant I used to sing, chant I was singing, chanting
ich sang
continuar continuaba I would continue I used to continue I was continuing
ich machte weiter
encontrar encontraba I would meet, encounter I used to meet, encounter I was meeting, encountering
ich traf
esquiar esquiaba I would ski I used to ski I was skiing
ich fuhr/lief ski
hablar hablaba I would speak I used to speak I was speaking
ich sprach
jugar jugaba I would play I used to play I was playing
ich spielte
pensar pensaba I would think I used to think I was thinking
ich dachte
preguntar preguntaba I would ask (questions) I used to ask (questions) I was asking (questions)
ich fragte
trabajar trabajaba I would work, labor I used to work, labor I was working, laboring
ich arbeitete
The pronoun YO needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for él, ella, & Usted.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with YO being the subject, you can leave it out.
The YO becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -abas to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what you would often do: At some point in the past, you used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantabas you would sing, chant you used to sing, chant you were singing, chanting
du sangst
continuar continuabas you would continue you used to continue you were continuing
du machtest weiter
encontrar encontrabas you would meet, encounter you used to meet, encounter you were meeting, encountering
du trafst
esquiar esquiabas you would ski you used to ski you were skiing
du fuhrst/liefst ski
hablar hablabas you would speak you used to speak you were speaking
du sprachst
jugar jugabas you would play you used to play you were playing
du spieltest
pensar pensabas you would think you used to think you were thinking
du dachtest
preguntar preguntabas you would ask (questions) you used to ask (questions) you were asking (questions)
du fragtest
trabajar trabajabas you would work, labor you used to work, labor you were working, laboring
du arbeitetest
The pronoun never needs to be used, since this form can only imply a familiar you.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aba to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what he would often do: At some point in the past, he used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaba he would sing, chant he used to sing, chant he was singing, chanting
er sang
continuar continuaba he would continue he used to continue he was continuing
er machte weiter
encontrar encontraba he would meet, encounter he used to meet, encounter he was meeting, encountering
er traf
esquiar esquiaba he would ski he used to ski he was skiing
er fuhr/lief ski
hablar hablaba he would speak he used to speak he was speaking
er sprach
jugar jugaba he would play he used to play he was playing
er spielte
pensar pensaba he would think he used to think he was thinking
er dachte
preguntar preguntaba he would ask (questions) he used to ask (questions) he was asking (questions)
er fragte
trabajar trabajaba he would work, labor he used to work, labor he was working, laboring
er arbeitete
The pronoun ÉL needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for yo, ella, & Usted.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with ÉL being the subject, you can leave it out.
The ÉL becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aba to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what she would often do: At some point in the past, she used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaba she would sing, chant she used to sing, chant she was singing, chanting
sie sang
continuar continuaba she would continue she used to continue she was continuing
sie machte weiter
encontrar encontraba she would meet, encounter she used to meet, encounter she was meeting, encountering
sie traf
esquiar esquiaba she would ski she used to ski she was skiing
sie fuhr/lief ski
hablar hablaba she would speak she used to speak she was speaking
sie sprach
jugar jugaba she would play she used to play she was playing
sie spielte
pensar pensaba she would think she used to think she was thinking
sie dachte
preguntar preguntaba she would ask (questions) she used to ask (questions) she was asking (questions)
sie fragte
trabajar trabajaba she would work, labor she used to work, labor she was working, laboring
sie arbeitete
The pronoun ELLA needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for yo, él, & Usted.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with ELLA being the subject, you can leave it out.
The ELLA becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aba to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what you would often do: At some point in the past, you used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaba you would sing, chant you used to sing, chant you were singing, chanting
Sie sangen
continuar continuaba you would continue you used to continue you were continuing
Sie machten weiter
encontrar encontraba you would meet, encounter you used to meet, encounter you were meeting, encountering
Sie trafen
esquiar esquiaba you would ski you used to ski you were skiing
Sie fuhren/liefen ski
hablar hablaba you would speak you used to speak you were speaking
Sie sprachen
jugar jugaba you would play you used to play you were playing
Sie spielten
pensar pensaba you would think you used to think you were thinking
Sie dachten
preguntar preguntaba you would ask (questions) you used to ask (questions) you were asking (questions)
Sie fragten
trabajar trabajaba you would work, labor you used to work, labor you were working, laboring
Sie arbeiteten
The pronoun USTED needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for yo, él, & ella.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with USTED being the subject, you can leave it out.
The USTED becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -ábamos to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what we would often do: At some point in the past, we used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantábamos we would sing, chant we used to sing, chant we were singing, chanting
wir sangen
continuar continuábamos we would continue we used to continue we were continuing
wir machten weiter
encontrar encontrábamos we would meet, encounter we used to meet, encounter we were meeting, encountering
wir trafen
esquiar esquiábamos we would ski we used to ski we were skiing
wir fuhren/liefen ski
hablar hablábamos we would speak we used to speak we were speaking
wir sprachen
jugar jugábamos we would play we used to play we were playing
wir spielten
pensar pensábamos we would think we used to think we were thinking
wir dachten
preguntar preguntábamos we would ask (questions) we used to ask (questions) we were asking (questions)
wir fragten
trabajar trabajábamos we would work, labor we used to work, labor we were working, laboring
wir arbeiteten
As far as dealing with the pronoun, clarification needs to be made concerning the gender of the WE.
Once it is clear that the conversation concerns NOSOTROS or NOSOTRAS, the pronoun can then be left out.
The NOSOTROS or NOSOTRAS becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -ábais to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what y'all would often do: At some point in the past, y'all used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantábais y'all would sing, chant y'all used to sing, chant y'all were singing, chanting
ihr sangt
continuar continuábais y'all would continue y'all used to continue y'all were continuing
ihr machtet weiter
encontrar encontrábais y'all would meet, encounter y'all used to meet, encounter y'all were meeting, encountering
ihr traft
esquiar esquiábais y'all would ski y'all used to ski y'all were skiing
ihr fuhren/liefen ski
hablar hablábais y'all would speak y'all used to speak y'all were speaking
ihr spracht
jugar jugábais y'all would play y'all used to play y'all were playing
ihr spieltet
pensar pensábais y'all would think y'all used to think y'all were thinking
ihr dachtet
preguntar preguntábais y'all would ask (questions) y'all used to ask (questions) y'all were asking (questions)
ihr fragtet
trabajar trabajábais y'all would work, labor y'all used to work, labor y'all were working, laboring
ihr arbeitetet
As far as dealing with the pronoun, clarification needs to be made concerning the gender of the Y'ALL.
Once it is clear that the conversation concerns VOSOTROS or VOSOTRAS, the pronoun can then be left out.
The VOSOTROS or VOSOTRAS becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aban to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what they would often do: At some point in the past, they used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaban they would sing, chant they used to sing, chant they were singing, chanting
sie sangen
continuar continuaban they would continue they used to continue they were continuing
sie machten weiter
encontrar encontraban they would meet, encounter they used to meet, encounter they were meeting, encountering
sie trafen
esquiar esquiaban they would ski they used to ski they were skiing
sie fuhren/liefen ski
hablar hablaban they would speak they used to speak they were speaking
sie sprachen
jugar jugaban they would play they used to play they were playing
sie spielten
pensar pensaban they would think they used to think they were thinking
sie dachten
preguntar preguntaban they would ask (questions) they used to ask (questions) they were asking (questions)
sie fragten
trabajar trabajaban they would work, labor they used to work, labor they were working, laboring
sie arbeiteten
The pronoun ELLOS needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for ellas, & Ustedes.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with ELLOS being the subject, you can leave it out.
The ELLOS becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aban to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what they would often do: At some point in the past, they used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaban they would sing, chant they used to sing, chant they were singing, chanting
sie sangen
continuar continuaban they would continue they used to continue they were continuing
sie machten weiter
encontrar encontraban they would meet, encounter they used to meet, encounter they were meeting, encountering
sie trafen
esquiar esquiaban they would ski they used to ski they were skiing
sie fuhren/liefen ski
hablar hablaban they would speak they used to speak they were speaking
sie sprachen
jugar jugaban they would play they used to play they were playing
sie spielten
pensar pensaban they would think they used to think they were thinking
sie dachten
preguntar preguntaban they would ask (questions) they used to ask (questions) they were asking (questions)
sie fragten
trabajar trabajaban they would work, labor they used to work, labor they were working, laboring
sie arbeiteten
The pronoun ELLAS needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for ellos, & Ustedes.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with ELLAS being the subject, you can leave it out.
The ELLAS becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top
Imperfect tense: -AR verb conjugation
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aban to the stem.
At some point in the past, this is what they would often do: At some point in the past, they used to do this but may not be able to any more: At some point in the past, this was the scenario for an event to take place:
deutsch
cantar cantaban you would sing, chant you used to sing, chant you were singing, chanting
Sie sangen
continuar continuaban you would continue you used to continue you were continuing
Sie machten weiter
encontrar encontraban you would meet, encounter you used to meet, encounter you were meeting, encountering
Sie trafen
esquiar esquiaban you would ski you used to ski you were skiing
Sie fuhren/liefen ski
hablar hablaban you would speak you used to speak you were speaking
Sie sprachen
jugar jugaban you would play you used to play you were playing
Sie spielten
pensar pensaban you would think you used to think you were thinking
Sie dachten
preguntar preguntaban you would ask (questions) you used to ask (questions) you were asking (questions)
Sie fragten
trabajar trabajaban you would work, labor you used to work, labor you were working, laboring
Sie arbeiteten
The pronoun USTEDES needs to be stated more frequently in the imperfect tense, because the same form is used for ellos, & ellas.
Once it is clear that the conversation is continuing with USTEDES being the subject, you can leave it out.
The USTEDES becomes understood, because of the ending and the context of the conversation.
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the imperfect tense
Back to Top