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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Present Tense: Verbs with "Yo" Form ending -oy

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OBJECTIVE:
Once you've arrived at this page, there's no turning back. Your prime objective here is to move forward, ... ever forward, ... and ingest, digest, everything on this page ...
TASK:
Take your time and LEARN this stuff. These particular verbs are the four cornerstones of Spanish mentality.
PERPLEXED?
Have you tried therapy?
Where did the -oy ending come from?
Who knows?
A good way to learn these is to think of each verb as a "yo-backwards" verb. That way when you get to using 'em, you'll remember to throw in the "yo-backwards" and say -oy at the end. (Hypno-therapy here)
Another helpful trick is to rhyme the entire conjugation of dar, ir, and estar. Doy-voy-estoy! Das-vas-estás! Da-va-está! Damos-vamos-estamos! Etc. Just say them all the way through several times (as a form of practice) and don't even think about what you're saying. This trick will bring the needed form back as soon as you need it, and you won't even have to think about, ... if you practice it enough times!

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
 
These are irregular verbs because they pretty much follow their own patterns in present tense conjugation.
There is no set pattern for the following verbs: each one "does its own thing."
AR dar to give geben
estar to be sein, liegen, stehen
ER ser to be sein, existieren, geschehen
IR ir to go gehen, fahren, laufen
Each of these verbs must be dealt with as a special case, as irregularities will exist throughout all tenses.
To see the present tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Present Tense Yo form ending in -oy
Yo form
The AR & ER verbs use the stem (verb minus AR or ER) and add -oy.
AR
deutsch
dar doy I give I do give I'm giving
ich gebe
estar estoy I am I do be(have) I'm being
ich bin
ER
ser soy I am (by nature) I do be I'm being
ich bin
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir voy I go I do go I'm going
ich gehe
What do they have in common now ?
Using the -oy ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each of these forms can only be understood to be the YO form.
The YO is understood, because of the ending, so the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I doooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -as, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar das you give you do give you're giving
du gibst
estar estás you are you do be(have) you're being
du bist
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser eres you are (by nature) you do be you're being
du bist
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir vas you go you do go you're going
du gehst
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Each of these forms can only be understood to be the form.
The is understood, because of the ending, so the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you doooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Él form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -a, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar da he gives he does give he's giving
er gibt
estar está he is he does be(have) he's being
er ist
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser es he is (by nature) he does be he's being
er ist
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir va he goes he does go he's going
er geht
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Clarification has to be made that ÉL is the subject, as the same form is used for ELLA & USTED.
Once the ÉL is understood to be the subject, the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he doooes do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Ella form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -a, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar da she gives she does give she's giving
sie gibt
estar está she is she does be(have) she's being
sie ist
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser es she is (by nature) she does be she's being
sie ist
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir va she goes she does go she's going
sie geht
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Clarification has to be made that ELLA is the subject, as the same form is used for ÉL & USTED.
Once the ELLA is understood to be the subject, the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she doooes do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Usted form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -a, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar da you give you do give you're giving
Sie geben
estar está you are you do be(have) you're being
Sie sind
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser es you are (by nature) you do be you're being
Sie sind
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir va you go you do go you're going
Sie gehen
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Clarification has to be made that USTED is the subject, as the same form is used for ÉL & ELLA.
Once the USTED is understood to be the subject, the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Nosotros & Nosotras form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add the regular ending -amos.
AR
deutsch
dar damos we give we do give we're giving
wir geben
estar estamos we are we do be(have) we're being
wir sind
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser somos we are (by nature) we do be we're being
wir sind
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir vamos we go we do go we're going
wir gehen
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Each of these forms can only be understood to be the NOSOTROS form.
The NOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending, so the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we doooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Vosotros & Vosotras form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add the regular ending -áis.
AR
deutsch
dar dais * y'all give y'all do give y'all are giving
ihr gebt
estar estáis y'all are y'all do be(have) y'all are being
ihr seid
* Because accents are usually used to show shifts in emphasis in longer words, and no confusion in pronunciation can be made with the dar form, the accent is lost in dais.
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser sois y'all are (by nature) y'all do be y'all are being
ihr seid
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir vais y'all go y'all do go y'all are going
ihr geht
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Each of these forms can only be understood to be the VOSOTROS form.
The VOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending, so the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying y'all doooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Ellos form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -a, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar dan they give they do give they're giving
sie geben
estar están they are they do be(have) they're being
sie sind
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser son they are (by nature) they do be they're being
sie sind
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir van they go they do go they're going
sie gehen
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Clarification has to be made that ELLOS is the subject, as the same form is used for ELLAS & USTEDES.
Once the ELLOS is understood to be the subject, the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they dooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Ellas form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -a, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar dan they give they do give they're giving
sie geben
estar están they are they do be(have) they're being
sie sind
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser son they are (by nature) they do be they're being
sie sind
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir van they go they do go they're going
sie gehen
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Clarification has to be made that ELLAS is the subject, as the same form is used for ELLOS & USTEDES.
Once the ELLAS is understood to be the subject, the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they dooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present Tense of Verbs with Yo form ending in -oy
Ustedes form
The AR verbs use the stem (verb minus AR) and add -a, but note that with estar an accent is mandatory.
AR
deutsch
dar dan you give you do give you're giving
Sie geben
estar están you are you do be(have) you're being
Sie sind
The verb ser strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
ER
ser son you are (by nature) you do be you're being
Sie sind
The verb ir strays completely from the norm and must be learned as a separate entity.
IR
ir van you go you do go you're going
Sie gehen
How can you remember these forms?
These specific verbs occur very frequently in Spanish. Use them as much as possible in practice. Say them over & over & over again !!!
Clarification has to be made that USTEDES is the subject, as the same form is used for ELLOS & ELLAS.
Once the USTEDES is understood to be the subject, the pronoun needn't be used.
If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo do this verb ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top