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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Present Tense: "Yo" Form ending -ío

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Learn how to make donkey noises in various languages.
TASK:
Sing "Old McDonald had a farm" one time through and tell me they're spelling "farm" correctly.
PERPLEXED?

Explain THAT to a foreigner!

What does the accent do?
The accent makes the vowel that it's over sound out louder than the rest of the vowels in the word.
In these verbs an attempt is made to maintain the typical verb conjugation pattern of having the next-to-last syllable sound the loudest like in most normal verbs.
Or maybe that hadn't been brought to your attention yet.
And the accent also ensures that the "i" (being the weak, wimpy vowel that it is) is kept from merging into a single "ia" diphthong once it reaches the "a."
Isn't there something else you're supposed to be doing?

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Present Tense: -iar verbs
 
In some cases, verbs ending in -iar have irregularities.
These are irregular verbs because they entail a stress shift: i at end of stem becomes accented.
This stress shift only occurs in *certain AR verbs: never occurs in ER or IR verbs!
AR
confiar to confide, trust, rely vertrauen, trauen
criar to create, nurse, raise, rear, breed züchten
desviar to deviate, deflect, swerve, turn away abweichen
enfriar to cool, make cool, get chilled kühlen, frieren
esquiar to ski Ski fahren, laufen
*This change does not occur in such verbs as: aliviar, anunciar, asociar, cambiar, cariciar, columpiar, divorciar, estudiar, etc.
In all forms except nosotros & vosotros the -i at the end of the stem becomes an -í.
Drop the -ar: That's the stem !!
To see the present tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
The nosotros & vosotros forms do not require the stem change in the present tense.
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confío I confide, trust I do confide, trust I'm confiding, trusting
ich vertraue, traue
criar crío I raise, breed I do raise, breed I'm raising, breeding
ich züchte
desviar desvío I deviate I do deviate I'm deviating
ich weiche ab
enfriar enfrío I chill I do chill I'm chilling
ich friere
esquiar esquío I ski I do ski I'm skiing
ich laufe/fahre Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the o ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confías you confide, trust you do confide, trust you're confiding, trusting
du vertraust, traust
criar crías you raise, breed you do raise, breed you're raising, breeding
du züchtest
desviar desvías you deviate you do deviate you're deviating
du weichst ab
enfriar enfrías you chill you do chill you're chilling
du frierst
esquiar esquías you ski you do ski you're skiing
du läufst/fährst Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the as ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say . If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confía he confides, trusts he does confide, trust he's confiding, trusting
er vertraut, traut
criar cría he raises, breeds he does raise, breed he's raising, breeding
er züchtet
desviar desvía he deviates he does deviate he's deviating
er weicht ab
enfriar enfría he chills he does chill he's chilling
er friert
esquiar esquía he skis he does ski he's skiing
er läuft/fährt Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the a ending says he is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The Él is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say Él. If you do add the Él, it usually adds emphasis, saying he doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
Él
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confía she confides, trusts she does confide, trust she's confiding, trusting
sie vertraut, traut
criar cría she raises, breeds she does raise, breed she's raising, breeding
sie züchtet
desviar desvía she deviates she does deviate she's deviating
sie weicht ab
enfriar enfría she chills she does chill she's chilling
sie friert
esquiar esquía she skis she does ski she's skiing
sie läuft/fährt Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the a ending says she is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLA is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLA. If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying he doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confía you confide, trust you do confide, trust you're confiding, trusting
Sie vertrauen, trauen
criar cría you raise, breed you do raise, breed you're raising, breeding
Sie züchten
desviar desvía you deviate you do deviate you're deviating
Sie weichen ab
enfriar enfría you chill you do chill you're chilling
Sie frieren
esquiar esquía you ski you do ski you're skiing
Sie laufen/fahren Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the a ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The USTED is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say USTED. If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confiamos we confide, trust we do confide, trust we're confiding, trusting
wir vertrauen, trauen
criar criamos we raise, breed we do raise, breed we're raising, breeding
wir züchten
desviar desviamos we deviate we do deviate we're deviating
wir weichen ab
enfriar enfriamos we chill we do chill we're chilling
wir frieren
esquiar esquiamos we ski we do ski we're skiing
wir laufen/fahren Ski
The nosotros form of these verbs is not affected, and follows the normal pattern for -ar verb conjugation.
Why add the accent in other forms?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the amos ending says we are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The NOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say NOSOTROS. If you do add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we dooooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confiáis y'all confide, trust y'all do confide, trust y'all are confiding, trusting
ihr vertraut, traut
criar criáis y'all raise, breed y'all do raise, breed y'all are raising, breeding
ihr züchtet
desviar desviáis y'all deviate y'all do deviate y'all are deviating
ihr weicht ab
enfriar enfriáis y'all chill y'all do chill y'all are chilling
ihr friert
esquiar esquiáis y'all ski y'all do ski y'all are skiing
ihr lauft/fahrt Ski
The vosotros form of these verbs is not affected, and follows the normal pattern for -ar verb conjugation.
Why add the accent in other forms?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the áis ending says yáll are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The VOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say VOSOTROS. If you do add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying yáll dooooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
 
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confían they confide, trust they do confide, trust they're confiding, trusting
sie vertrauen, trauen
criar crían they raise, breed they do raise, breed they're raising, breeding
sie züchten
desviar desvían they deviate they do deviate they're deviating
sie weichen ab
enfriar enfrían they chill they do chill they're chilling
sie frieren
esquiar esquían they ski they do ski they're skiing
sie laufen/fahren Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the an ending says they is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLOS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLOS. If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
Él
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confían they confide, trust they do confide, trust they're confiding, trusting
sie vertrauen, trauen
criar crían they raise, breed they do raise, breed they're raising, breeding
sie züchten
desviar desvían they deviate they do deviate they're deviating
sie weichen ab
enfriar enfrían they chill they do chill they're chilling
sie frieren
esquiar esquían they ski they do ski they're skiing
sie laufen/fahren Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the an ending says they is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLAS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLAS. If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
Él
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP
Present tense: IAR Stress Shift verbs: I -> Í
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive.
Look for the I at the end of the stem, and change it to Í.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
confiar confían you confide, trust you do confide, trust you're confiding, trusting
Sie vertrauen, trauen
criar crían you raise, breed you do raise, breed you're raising, breeding
Sie züchten
desviar desvían you deviate you do deviate you're deviating
Sie weichen ab
enfriar enfrían you chill you do chill you're chilling
Sie frieren
esquiar esquían you ski you do ski you're skiing
Sie laufen/fahren Ski
Why add the accent?
The I is a weak vowel, and without this added accent it merges into the following vowel to become unstressed in a diphthong.
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the an ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The USTEDES is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say USTEDES. If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
Él
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to TOP