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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Present Tense: -ger & -gir Verbs: "Yo" Form ending -jo

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Take a break from the really hard verbs and do some really easy ones.
TASK:
Go over what happens to the letter "G" in the sound chart. Once you see that the "H" sound has to be maintained throughout the conjugated forms of these verbs ...
PERPLEXED?
Here, ... listen to this: LINK. It'll ease your pain ...
Why the heck would a "g" change to a "j?"
If you don't know the answer to that question you're looking at a page that you shouldn't be looking at.
Shame on you! Get yourself back to the pronunciation pages and learn THAT first!!!
Once again, class ... Let's listen to the sound of the following spellings in Spanish ...
GA-GUE-GUI-GO-GU --- JA-GE-GI-JO-JU
Did you get a really good look at how you spell the sounds you're saying ???

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Verbs with Yo form ending in -jo
Some ER & IR verbs have an -jo ending for the yo form in the present tense:
Verbs ending with -GER & -GIR need to observe the spelling of the aspirated H sound:
JA-GE-GI-JO-JU.
ER coger to catch, grasp fangen, fassen
escoger to choose, pick auswählen
recoger to pick up, nab abholen, holen
IR afligir to afflict plagen, quälen
corregir
(e->i)
to correct korregieren
dirigir to direct dirigieren
elegir
(e->i)
to elect, vote wählen
exigir to demand fordern
There are no AR verbs for this category.
This change only occurs in the yo form. All other forms are conjugated normally.
Drop the -er or the -ir: That's the stem !!
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Present tense: -jo verb
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ger or -gir or from the end of the infinitive and add -jo to the stem.
This is important to realize, because the present tense yo form is the basis for forming present subjunctive forms.
deutsch
ER
coger
cojo I catch I do catch I am catching
ich fange, fasse
escoger escojo I choose I do choose I am choosing
ich wähle aus
recoger
recojo I pick up I do pick up I am picking up
ich hole ab
 
IR  
afligir
aflijo I afflict I do afflict I am afflicting
ich quäle
corregir (e-i) corrijo I correct I do correct I am correcting
ich korrigiere
dirigir
dirijo I direct I do direct I am directing
ich dirigiere
elegir (e-i) elijo I elect I do elect I am electing
ich wähle
exigir
exijo I demand I do demand I am demanding
ich fordere
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -jo ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
The pronoun YO does not need to be stated in the present tense.
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -es to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
coges you catch you do catch you're catching
du fängst, faßt
escoger escoges you choose you do choose you're choosing
du wählst aus
recoger
recoges you pick up you do pick up you're picking up
du holst ab
 
IR  
afligir
afliges you afflict you do afflict you're afflicting
du quälst
corregir (e-i) corriges you correct you do correct you're correcting
du korrigierst
dirigir
diriges you direct you do direct you're directing
du dirigierst
elegir (e-i) eliges you elect you do elect you're electing
du wählst
exigir
exiges you demand you do demand you're demanding
du forderst
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -es ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
The pronoun does not need to be stated in the present tense.
The is understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Él form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -e to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
coge he catches he does catch he's catching
er fängt, faßt
escoger escoge he chooses he does choose he's choosing
er wählt aus
recoger
recoge he picks up he does pick up he's picking up
er holt ab
 
IR  
afligir
aflige he afflicts he does afflict he's afflicting
er quält
corregir (e-i) corrige he corrects he does correct he's correcting
er korrigiert
dirigir
dirige he directs he does direct he's directing
er dirigiert
elegir (e-i) elige he elects he does elect he's electing
er wählt
exigir
exige he demands he does demand he's demanding
er fordert
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -e ending says he is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ÉL is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ÉL will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he dooooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -e to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
coge she catches she does catch she's catching
sie fängt, faßt
escoger escoge she chooses she does choose she's choosing
sie wählt aus
recoger
recoge she picks up she does pick up she's picking up
sie holt ab
 
IR  
afligir
aflige she afflicts she does afflict she's afflicting
sie quält
corregir (e-i) corrige she corrects she does correct she's correcting
sie korrigiert
dirigir
dirige she directs she does direct she's directing
sie dirigiert
elegir (e-i) elige she elects she does elect she's electing
sie wählt
exigir
exige she demands she does demand she's demanding
sie fordert
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -e ending says she is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ELLA is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLA will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she dooooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -e to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
coge you catch you do catch you're catching
Sie fängen, fassen
escoger escoge you choose you do choose you're choosing
Sie wählen aus
recoger
recoge you pick up you do pick up you're picking up
Sie holen ab
 
IR  
afligir
aflige you afflict you do afflict you're afflicting
Sie quälen
corregir (e-i) corrige you correct you do correct you're correcting
Sie korrigieren
dirigir
dirige you direct you do direct you're directing
Sie dirigieren
elegir (e-i) elige you elect you do elect you're electing
Sie wählen
exigir
exige you demand you do demand you're demanding
Sie forderen
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -e ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED.
Once you have identified that USTED is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTED will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you doooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Nosotros & Nosotras form
The nosotros form is not affected, and follows the normal pattern for -er or -ir verb conjugation.
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -emos or -imos to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
cogemos we catch we do catch we're catching
wir fangen, fassen
escoger escogemos we choose we do choose we're choosing
wir wählen aus
recoger
recogemos we pick up we do pick up we're picking up
wir holen ab
 
IR  
afligir
afligimos we afflict we do afflict we're afflicting
wir quälen
corregir (e-i) corrigimos we correct we do correct we're correcting
wir korrigieren
dirigir
dirigimos we direct we do direct we're directing
wir dirigieren
elegir (e-i) eligimos we elect we do elect we're electing
wir wählen
exigir
exigimos we demand we do demand we're demanding
wir fordern
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -mos ending says we are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Once you have clarified who WE is, the pronoun NOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the present.
It is already clear by the ending that NOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Vosotros & Vosotras form
The vosotros form is not affected, and follows the normal pattern for -er or -ir verb conjugation.
To make this form, drop the -er from the end of the infinitive and add -eis or -ís to the stem, respectively.
deutsch
ER
coger
cogéis y'all catch y'all do catch y'all are catching
ihr fangt, faßt
escoger escogéis y'all choose y'all do choose y'all are choosing
ihr wählt aus
recoger
recogéis y'all pick up y'all do pick up y'all are picking up
ihr holt ab
 
IR  
afligir
afligís y'all afflict y'all do afflict y'all are afflicting
ihr quält
corregir (e-i) corregís y'all correct y'all do correct y'all are correcting
ihr korrigiert
dirigir
dirigís y'all direct y'all do direct y'all are directing
ihr dirigiert
elegir (e-i) elegís y'all elect y'all do elect y'all are electing
ihr wählt
exigir
exigís y'all demand y'all do demand y'all are demanding
ihr fordert
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -éis & -ís endings say y'all are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Once you have clarified who Y'ALL is, the pronoun VOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the present.
It is already clear by the ending that VOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying y'all dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -en to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
cogen they catch they do catch they're catching
sie fangen, fassen
escoger escogen they choose they do choose they're choosing
sie wählen aus
recoger
recogen they pick up they do pick up they're picking up
sie holen ab
 
IR  
afligir
afligen they afflict they do afflict they're afflicting
sie quälen
corregir (e-i) corrigen they correct they do correct they're correcting
sie korrigieren
dirigir
dirigen they direct they do direct they're directing
sie dirigieren
elegir (e-i) eligen they elect they do elect they're electing
sie wählen
exigir
exigen they demand they do demand they're demanding
sie fordern
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -en ending says they are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that ELLOS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLOS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they doooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -en to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
cogen they catch they do catch they're catching
sie fangen, fassen
escoger escogen they choose they do choose they're choosing
sie wählen aus
recoger
recogen they pick up they do pick up they're picking up
sie holen ab
 
IR  
afligir
afligen they afflict they do afflict they're afflicting
sie quälen
corregir (e-i) corrigen they correct they do correct they're correcting
sie korrigieren
dirigir
dirigen they direct they do direct they're directing
sie dirigieren
elegir (e-i) eligen they elect they do elect they're electing
sie wählen
exigir
exigen they demand they do demand they're demanding
sie fordern
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -en ending says they are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that ELLAS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLAS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they doooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: -jo verb
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -er or -ir or from the end of the infinitive and add -en to the stem.
deutsch
ER
coger
cogen you catch you do catch you're catching
Sie fangen, fassen
escoger escogen you choose you do choose you're choosing
Sie wählen aus
recoger
recogen you pick up you do pick up you're picking up
Sie holen ab
 
IR  
afligir
afligen you afflict you do afflict you're afflicting
Sie quälen
corregir (e-i) corrigen you correct you do correct you're correcting
Sie korrigieren
dirigir
dirigen you direct you do direct you're directing
Sie dirigieren
elegir (e-i) eligen you elect you do elect you're electing
Sie wählen
exigir
exigen you demand you do demand you're demanding
Sie fordern
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus ER or IR) tells you the action.
Using the -en ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES.
Once you have identified that USTEDES is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTEDES will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying you doooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top