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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Preterite Tense
Preterite Tense: -car Verbs: c->qu

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Make sure you're spelling words correctly.
TASK:
Get a Big Chief tablet (first grade issue) and write over and over again (speaking as you write): CA QUE QUI CO CU.
PERPLEXED?

I could never see with the dunce cap on either ...

Why would the "c" change to a "qu?"
You tell me!
There's like a really MAJOR hint below.
¿Todavía andas pensando en inglés?
¿Y cuándo te dejarás volar la mente, para darte cuenta de las reglas en cómo se escriben las sílabas?
¡Hórale!
¡Dale ya!
O será hoy, ...
¿ O ?
I think they call it an orthographic stem change, for those more pedantic minds.

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se  se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
 
Most AR verbs are not affected by irregularities in any way in the formation of the preterite tense.
An important factor to watch in the formation of some verbs is spelling changes.
The AR verbs ending with -CAR need to observe the spelling of the hard C sound:
CA - QUE - QUI - CO - CU
The only form that changes in spelling is the YO form, due to the fact that CE would be pronounced differently.
yo -é nosotros, nosotras -amos
-aste vosotros, vosotras -asteis
él, ella, Usted -ó ellos, ellas, Ustedes -aron
acercar to approach nähern
atacar to attack angreifen
buscar to seek, look for suchen
clasificar to classify klassifizieren
dedicar to dedicate widmen
educar to educate erziehen
identificar to identify identifizieren
To make the preterite forms, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add the endings given above, remembering the spelling rule.
Notice that the NOSOTROS form is exactly the same in the present & preterite tenses.
More information concerning the preterite tense
To see the preterite tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
Observe the spelling of the hard C sound: CA - QUE - QUI - CO - CU, changing C to QU in this case.
This is the event. This is what I did.
deutsch
acercar acerqué I approached I did approach
ich habe genähert
atacar ataqué I attacked I did attack
ich habe angegriffen
buscar busqué I sought, looked for I did seek, look for
ich habe gesucht
clasificar clasifiqué I classified I did classify
ich habe klassifiziert
dedicar dediqué I dedicated I did dedicate
ich habe gewidmet
educar eduqué I educated I did educate
ich habe erzogen
identificar identifiqué I identified I did identify
ich habe identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says I did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present subjunctive yo, él, ella & Usted forms stress the penultimate syllable and don't have this written accent.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aste to the stem.
Tex-Mex forms of these verbs invert the ending somewhat, so that people generally add the ending -ates.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
acercar acercaste you approached you did approach
du hast genähert
atacar atacaste you attacked you did attack
du hast angegriffen
buscar buscaste you sought, looked for you did seek, look for
du hast gesucht
clasificar clasificaste you classified you did classify
du hast klassifiziert
dedicar dedicaste you dedicated you did dedicate
du hast gewidmet
educar educaste you educated you did educate
du hast erzogen
identificar identificaste you identified you did identify
du hast identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aste ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
The pronoun does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that TÚ is doing the action.
If you did add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what he did.
deutsch
acercar acercó he approached he did approach
er hat genähert
atacar atacó he attacked he did attack
er hat angegriffen
buscar buscó he sought, looked for he did seek, look for
er hat gesucht
clasificar clasificó he classified he did classify
er hat klassifiziert
dedicar dedicó he dedicated he did dedicate
er hat gewidmet
educar educó he educated he did educate
er hat erzogen
identificar identificó he identified he did identify
er hat identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says he did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED.
Once you have identified that ÉL is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ÉL will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what she did.
deutsch
acercar acercó she approached she did approach
sie hat genähert
atacar atacó she attacked she did attack
sie hat angegriffen
buscar buscó she sought, looked for she did seek, look for
sie hat gesucht
clasificar clasificó she classified she did classify
sie hat klassifiziert
dedicar dedicó she dedicated she did dedicate
sie hat gewidmet
educar educó she educated she did educate
sie hat erzogen
identificar identificó she identified she did identify
sie hat identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says she did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that ELLA is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLA will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and addto the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
acercar acercó you approached you did approach
Sie haben genähert
atacar atacó you attacked you did attack
Sie haben angegriffen
buscar buscó you sought, looked for you did seek, look for
Sie haben gesucht
clasificar clasificó you classified you did classify
Sie haben klassifiziert
dedicar dedicó you dedicated you did dedicate
Sie haben gewidmet
educar educó you educated you did educate
Sie haben erzogen
identificar identificó you identified you did identify
Sie haben identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Be very careful in the pronunciation of this form, as the present indicative yo form stresses the penultimate syllable and doesn't have this written accent.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ÉL, ELLA, or USTED
Once you have identified that USTED is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTED will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -amos to the stem.
Notice that the NOSOTROS form is exactly the same in the present & preterite tenses.
This is the event. This is what we did.
deutsch
acercar acercamos we approached we did approach
wir haben genähert
atacar atacamos we attacked we did attack
wir haben angegriffen
buscar buscamos we sought, looked for we did seek, look for
wir haben gesucht
clasificar clasificamos we classified we did classify
wir haben klassifiziert
dedicar dedicamos we dedicated we did dedicate
wir haben gewidmet
educar educamos we educated we did educate
wir haben erzogen
identificar identificamos we identified we did identify
wir haben identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -amos ending says we did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Once you have clarified who WE is, the pronoun NOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that NOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -asteis to the stem.
This is the event. This is what y'all did.
deutsch
acercar acercasteis y'all approached y'all did approach
ihr habt genähert
atacar atacasteis y'all attacked y'all did attack
ihr habt angegriffen
buscar buscasteis y'all sought, looked for y'all did seek, look for
ihr habt gesucht
clasificar clasificasteis y'all classified y'all did classify
ihr habt klassifiziert
dedicar dedicasteis y'all dedicated y'all did dedicate
ihr habt gewidmet
educar educasteis y'all educated y'all did educate
ihr habt erzogen
identificar identificasteis y'all identified y'all did identify
ihr habt identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -asteis ending says y'all did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
Once you have clarified who Y'ALL is, the pronoun VOSOTROS does not need to be stated in the preterite.
It is already clear by the ending that VOSOTROS is doing the action.
If you did add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying Y'ALL did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
acercar acercaron they approached they did approach
sie haben genähert
atacar atacaron they attacked they did attack
sie haben angegriffen
buscar buscaron they sought, looked for they did seek, look for
sie haben gesucht
clasificar clasificaron they classified they did classify
sie haben klassifiziert
dedicar dedicaron they dedicated they did dedicate
sie haben gewidmet
educar educaron they educated they did educate
sie haben erzogen
identificar identificaron they identified they did identify
sie haben identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES
Once you have identified that ELLOS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLOS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what they did.
deutsch
acercar acercaron they approached they did approach
sie haben genähert
atacar atacaron they attacked they did attack
sie haben angegriffen
buscar buscaron they sought, looked for they did seek, look for
sie haben gesucht
clasificar clasificaron they classified they did classify
sie haben klassifiziert
dedicar dedicaron they dedicated they did dedicate
sie haben gewidmet
educar educaron they educated they did educate
sie haben erzogen
identificar identificaron they identified they did identify
sie haben identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says they did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES
Once you have identified that ELLAS is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The ELLAS will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying they did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top
Preterite Tense: -CAR verb conjugation
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ar from the end of the infinitive and add -aron to the stem.
This is the event. This is what you did.
deutsch
acercar acercaron you approached you did approach
Sie haben genähert
atacar atacaron you attacked you did attack
Sie haben angegriffen
buscar buscaron you sought, looked for you did seek, look for
Sie haben gesucht
clasificar clasificaron you classified you did classify
Sie haben klassifiziert
dedicar dedicaron you dedicated you did dedicate
Sie haben gewidmet
educar educaron you educated you did educate
Sie haben erzogen
identificar identificaron you identified you did identify
Sie haben identifiziert
What do they have in common now ?
The stem (verb minus AR) tells you the action.
Using the -aron ending says you did this action, and it is an event that occurred in the past.
This form is important, as it is used to form the past subjunctive forms.
You need to identify who is doing the action in this verb form: ELLOS, ELLAS, or USTEDES
Once you have identified that USTEDES is the subject, you can leave the pronoun out.
The USTEDES will be understood, because of the ending.
If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying you did ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
More information concerning the preterite tense
Back to Top