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Spanish Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Present Tense
Present Tense:-uir Verbs: i -> y

©RCAguilar

OBJECTIVE:
Really get down on the rules for the letter "i" - so that spelling can become super easy.
TASK:
Review the vowel sounds, then tread ever forward.
PERPLEXED?
Sometimes a cup of coffee helps.
Why?
Think of something pleasant. Stay there for a little bit.
Concentrate on whatever it is that makes it pleasant. Relax. Stay calm. Chill!
It's okay to have a really pleasant experience.
And the last thing you wanna hear when you're having a pleasant experience is "Why?"
So concentrate and study! Tell yourself it'll make you a better person ...
Did you REALLY read the section about diphthongs?

 
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VERB CONJUGATION
Indicative Mood
Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e -> ie
Stem o -> ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i -> y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go
Imperfect Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs
Preterite Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR Verbs vowel Stem
IR Stem-changers
Irregular Stems
Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Conditional Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular Stems
Progressive Tenses
Perfect Tenses

Reference
Subject Pronouns
yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In some countries in Central & South America vos is used instead of .

Reflexive Pronouns
me nos
te os
se se

Direct Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las

Indirect Object Pronouns
me nos
te os
le les
IR verbs ending in -uir add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
This only occurs in UIR verbs: never occurs in AR or ER verbs!
IR
atribuir to attribute zuschreiben
concluir to conclude beenden, beschließen
constituir to constitute bilden, begründen
construir to construct, build bauen
destruir to destroy zerstören
distribuir to distribute verteilen
incluir to include einschließen, enthalten
A Y is added before the ending to maintain stress correctly.
The nosotros & vosotros forms do not require this change in the present tense.
Drop the -ir: That's the stem !!
To see the present tense conjugated forms of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Yo form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuyo I attribute I do attribute I'm attributing
ich schreibe zu
concluir concluyo I conclude I do conclude I'm concluding
ich beende
constituir constituyo I constitute I do constitute I'm constituting
ich begründe
construir construyo I construct I do construct I'm constructing
ich baue
destruir destruyo I destroy I do destroy I'm destroying
ich zerstöre
distribuir distribuyo I distribute I do distribute I'm distributing
ich verteile
incluir incluyo I include I do include I'm including
ich schließe ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the o ending says I am doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The YO is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say YO. If you do add the YO, it usually adds emphasis, saying I dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuyes you attribute you do attribute you're attributing
du schreibst zu
concluir concluyes you conclude you do conclude you're concluding
du beendest
constituir constituyes you constitute you do constitute you're constituting
du begründest
construir construyes you construct you do construct you're constructing
du baust
destruir destruyes you destroy you do destroy you're destroying
du zerstörst
distribuir distribuyes you distribute you do distribute you're distributing
du verteilst
incluir incluyes you include you do include you're including
du schließt ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the es ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say . If you do add the , it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Él form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuye he attributes he does attribute he's attributing
er schreibt zu
concluir concluye he concludes he does conclude he's concluding
er beendet
constituir constituye he constitutes he does constitute he's constituting
er begründet
construir construye he constructs he does construct he's constructing
er baut
destruir destruye he destroys he does destroy he's destroying
er zerstört
distribuir distribuye he distributes he does distribute he's distributing
er verteilt
incluir incluye he includes he does include he's including
er schließt ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the e ending says he is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ÉL is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ÉL. If you do add the ÉL, it usually adds emphasis, saying he doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Ella form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuye she attributes she does attribute she's attributing
sie schreibt zu
concluir concluye she concludes she does conclude she's concluding
sie beendet
constituir constituye she constitutes she does constitute she's constituting
sie begründet
construir construye she constructs she does construct she's constructing
sie baut
destruir destruye she destroys she does destroy she's destroying
sie zerstört
distribuir distribuye she distributes she does distribute she's distributing
sie verteilt
incluir incluye she includes she does include she's including
sie schließt ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the e ending says she is doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLA is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLA. If you do add the ELLA, it usually adds emphasis, saying she doooes ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Usted form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuye you attribute you do attribute you're attributing
Sie schreiben zu
concluir concluye you conclude you do conclude you're concluding
Sie beenden
constituir constituye you constitute you do constitute you're constituting
Sie begründen
construir construye you construct you do construct you're constructing
Sie bauen
destruir destruye you destroy you do destroy you're destroying
Sie zerstören
distribuir distribuye you distribute you do distribute you're distributing
Sie verteilen
incluir incluye you include you do include you're including
Sie schließen ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the e ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The USTED is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say USTED. If you do add the USTED, it usually adds emphasis, saying you dooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Nosotros & Nosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuimos we attribute we do attribute we're attributing
wir schreiben zu
concluir concluimos we conclude we do conclude we're concluding
wir beenden
constituir constituimos we constitute we do constitute we're constituting
wir begründen
construir construimos we construct we do construct we're constructing
wir bauen
destruir destruimos we destroy we do destroy we're destroying
wir zerstören
distribuir distribuimos we distribute we do distribute we're distributing
wir verteilen
incluir incluimos we include we do include we're including
wir schließen ein
The nosotros form of these verbs is not affected, and follows the normal pattern for -ir verb conjugation.
Why add the Y in other forms?
The U is a weak vowel, and without this added Y it merges into the following vowel to become an unstressed diphthong.
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the imos ending says we are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The NOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say NOSOTROS. If you do add the NOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying we dooooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Vosotros & Vosotras form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuís y'all attribute y'all do attribute y'all are attributing
ihr schreibt zu
concluir concluís y'all conclude y'all do conclude y'all are concluding
ihr beendet
constituir constituís y'all constitute y'all do constitute y'all are constituting
ihr begründet
construir construís y'all construct y'all do construct y'all are constructing
ihr baut
destruir destruís y'all destroy y'all do destroy y'all are destroying
ihr zerstört
distribuir distribuís y'all distribute y'all do distribute y'all are distributing
ihr verteilt
incluir incluís y'all include y'all do include y'all are including
ihr schließt ein
The vosotros form of these verbs is not affected, and follows the normal pattern for -ir verb conjugation.
Why add the Y in other forms?
The U is a weak vowel, and without this added Y it merges into the following vowel to become an unstressed diphthong.
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the ís ending says y'all are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The VOSOTROS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say VOSOTROS. If you do add the VOSOTROS, it usually adds emphasis, saying y'all dooooo ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Ellos form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuyen they attribute they do attribute they're attributing
sie schreiben zu
concluir concluyen they conclude they do conclude they're concluding
sie beenden
constituir constituyen they constitute they do constitute they're constituting
sie begründen
construir construyen they construct they do construct they're constructing
sie bauen
destruir destruyen they destroy they do destroy they're destroying
sie zerstören
distribuir distribuyen they distribute they do distribute they're distributing
sie verteilen
incluir incluyen they include they do include they're including
sie schließen ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the en ending says they are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLOS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLOS. If you do add the ELLOS, it usually adds emphasis, saying THEY DOOO ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Ellas form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuyen they attribute they do attribute they're attributing
sie schreiben zu
concluir concluyen they conclude they do conclude they're concluding
sie beenden
constituir constituyen they constitute they do constitute they're constituting
sie begründen
construir construyen they construct they do construct they're constructing
sie bauen
destruir destruyen they destroy they do destroy they're destroying
sie zerstören
distribuir distribuyen they distribute they do distribute they're distributing
sie verteilen
incluir incluyen they include they do include they're including
sie schließen ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the en ending says they are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The ELLAS is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say ELLAS. If you do add the ELLAS, it usually adds emphasis, saying THEY DOOO ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top
Present tense: UIR verbs add an extra Y to maintain stress: I ->Y
Ustedes form
To make this form, drop the -ir from the end of the infinitive.
Add a Y to the stem, otherwise the U and the ending will form a diphthong.
Add the normal ending for present tense conjugation.
deutsch
atribuir atribuyen you attribute you do attribute you're attributing
Sie schreiben zu
concluir concluyen you conclude you do conclude you're concluding
Sie beenden
constituir constituyen you constitute you do constitute you're constituting
Sie begründen
construir construyen you construct you do construct you're constructing
Sie bauen
destruir destruyen you destroy you do destroy you're destroying
Sie zerstören
distribuir distribuyen you distribute you do distribute you're distributing
Sie verteilen
incluir incluyen you include you do include you're including
Sie schließen ein
What do they have in common ?
The stem (verb minus IR) tells you the action.
Using the en ending says you are doing this action, and it's going on NOW.
Each verb form in Spanish matches a specific pronoun, so Spanish doesn't need to use the pronoun.
That means: each of the conjugated forms you see says ALL of the given "meaning."
The USTEDES is understood, because of the ending.
You don't need to say USTEDES. If you do add the USTEDES, it usually adds emphasis, saying YOU DOOO ...
A look at other forms:
YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES
Back to Top