A difficult area for any language is the study
of verbs and what happens to them when you're trying to communicate.
This is called conjugation.
The first major hurdle in conjugating a verb
is to recognize the timeframe of the action. This is called tense
There are 5 basic time-frames for Spanish verbs,
those being present, past (imperfect & preterite), future,
and conditional. For more information on these, see Introduction
to Verb Tenses.
Even so, more divisions occur through a division
into mood, being indicative or subjunctive. Indicative mood is
used when the action is real and valid. Subjunctive mood is used
to communicate conjecture, doubt, suspicion, wish, etc. These
will become clearer through usage.
More divisions occur in recognition of actions
in progress (progressive tenses) and perfective aspects.
Progressive tenses are formed through using the
verb "to be" (estar) plus a present
participle. These tenses show all actions as on-going, "being
Perfect tenses are formed through using the verb
"to have" (haber) plus a past participle. These tenses show all
actions as completed, "having been done."
Though the number of charts may seem overwhelming,
a bit of diligence and effort will pay off in your recognizing
patterns throughout. If you look at English objectively and analyze
the number of variables in verb conjugation (spelling being the
worst), you will see that Spanish is much easier in its formations.
The pages listed do not include all of the conjugation
patterns that exist in Spanish. More pages are being developed,
further providing examples for the subjunctive, progressive, and
perfect tense formations. Check back often!
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